Publications

Hudsonia staff and research associates publish their work in order to share research findings and promote public education on conservation issues. Our publications include books and book-length reports, scientific articles, reports, and our journal “News from Hudsonia” (which contains non-technical articles).

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Book-Length Publications

Phragmites Management Sourcebook for the Tidal Hudson River and the Northeastern States. By Erik Kiviat, 2010. A review and synthesis of information pertinent to the ecology and management of Phragmites on the Hudson River estuary and in nearby areas. This publication is unique in focusing on the Hudson River, considering a wide taxonomic and functional range of Phragmites impacts, and including extensive published and unpublished data and observations. The report describes Phragmites ecology, addresses management issues on the Hudson, outlines management techniques and their nontarget impacts, and suggests how research needs can be defined. 74 p.

Voices of the Land: Edited by Jamie Crelly Purinton, with photographs by Charles Lindsay, a foreword by Michael Pollan, and an article by Erik Kiviat 2004, Chelsea Green Publishing. Click here for information and ordering.

A Beginner’s Guide to Wild Plants of the Northeast. By Gretchen Stevens and Mary-Alice White. 2003. Millbrook Garden Club, Millbrook, NY. An inviting introduction to field botany, this guide describes 78 common species of plants found in upland forests, upland meadows, and wetlands of the northeastern U.S. Plant descriptions are tailored to the non-botanist, focusing on easily observable characteristics, and avoiding technical terms as much as possible. Each description is accompanied by notes on folklore, medicinal and culinary uses, etymologies of plant names, and a pen-and-ink drawing. 267 p.

Hackensack Meadowlands, New Jersey, Biodiversity: Review and Synthesis. is a digest of the biology of a large urban wetlands complex. Authors Erik Kiviat and Kristi MacDonald-Beyers are writing a book for Rutgers University Press on this subject.

Biodiversity Assessment Manual for the Hudson River Estuary Corridor. By Erik Kiviat and Gretchen Stevens, 2001, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. This richly-illustrated loose-leaf volume will help local agencies, citizens, developers, and others with an interest in biological diversity to identify and protect ecologically significant habitats. The Manual guides users through the many available maps and data sets, helping amateur and professional naturalists to predict critical habitats using maps and then conduct (or hire out) the field research to confirm their predictions. 508 p.

Changing Tides: Tivoli Bays. By Esther Kiviat, 1999. Purple Mountain Press, Fleischmanns, NY. This magnificent book-length photo essay captures the beauty and the complexity of a Hudson River wetland month-by-month throughout the year. With a forward by Hudsonia’s Science Director Erik Kiviat. This book blends natural history with literary journalism and includes detailed information for the visitor.

The Northern Shawangunks: An Ecological Survey. By Erik Kiviat, 1988. Mohonk Preserve, Inc. New Paltz, NY. This wonderful book, full of photographs and illustrations, offers a comprehensive look at a magnificent ridge area in Ulster County, New York, characterized by extensive quartz conglomerate cliffs, “sky lakes”, ice caves, and unique pitch pine barrens. This book is essential reading for anyone interested in the area’s land, animals, plants, geology or history, be they nature lovers, scientists, or concerned citizens. 107 p.

Wild Flora of the Northeast. By Anita and Spider Barbour, 1991. The Overlook Press, Woodstock, NY. The stunning photographs and delicate drawings along with inspiring, close-up descriptions bring to life the spectacular array of colors and intricate design underfoot in the flowers, mushrooms, mosses and grasses of the forests, fields, and swamps of the Northeast. 200 p.

Hudson River Estuary Shore Zone: Annotated Natural History Bibliography, with index. By Erik Kiviat, 1981. Scenic Hudson Inc. Poughkeepsie, NY. Environmental planning for the Hudson River requires ready access to information which is now sufficiently abundant to be confusing. This bibliography emphasizes not just strictly aquatic environments but “shore zone”–shallows, wetlands, and banks.

Hudson River East Bank Natural Areas, Clermont to Norrie. By Erik Kiviat, 1978. The Nature Conservancy, Arlington VA. This report presents a ranking and description of natural areas between and including Clermont and Norrie State Park, with a background natural history of the survey area and information on ecological pattern and process to form a basis for acquisition and early management decisions.

Scientific Articles

Bannor, B. & E. Kiviat. 2002. Common moorhen (Gallinula chloropus). Birds of North America 685. 27p.

Barbour, J.G. & E. Kiviat. 1997. Introduced purple loosestrife as host of native Saturniidae (Lepidoptera). Great Lakes Entomologist 30(3):115-122.

Connors, L, E. Kiviat, P.M. Groffman & R.S. Ostfeld. 2000. Muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus) disturbance to vegetation and potential net nitrogen mineralization and nitrification rates in a fresh-tidal marsh. American Midland Naturalist 143:53-63.

Dickinson, R. 1993. Northern cricket frog (Acris crepitans) survey in Ulster County, New York, 1992. M.S. thesis, Bard College. 95 p.

Emrich, M. 1991. The creation of artificial nesting sites for the Blanding’s turtle (Emydoidea blandingii). M.S. thesis, Bard College.

Groffman, P.M., Hanson, G.C., E. Kiviat & G. Stevens. 1996. Variation in microbial biomass and activity in four different wetland types. Soil Science Society of America Journal 60:622-629.

Kiviat, E. 1978a. Hudson River east bank natural areas, Clermont to Norrie. Nature Conservancy, Arlington, Va. 115 p.

Kiviat, E. 1978b. Vertebrate use of muskrat lodges and burrows. Estuaries 1:196-200.

Kiviat, E. 1978c. Bog turtle habitat ecology. Bulletin of the Chicago Herpetological Society 13(2):29-42.

Kiviat, E. 1980. A Hudson River tidemarsh snapping turtle population. Transactions of the Northeast Section, the Wildlife Society 37:158-168.

Kiviat, E. 1987a. Common reed (Phragmites australis). P. 22-30 in D. Decker & J. Enck eds. Exotic Plants with Identified Detrimental Impacts on Wildlife Habitats in New York State. New York Chapter, Wildlife Society.

Kiviat, E. 1987b. Water chestnut (Trapa natans). P. 31-38 in D. Decker & J. Enck, eds. Exotic Plants with Identified Detrimental Impacts on Wildlife Habitats in New York State. New York Chapter, Wildlife Society.

Kiviat, E. 1989a. The role of wildlife in estuarine ecosystems. P. 437-475 in J.W. Day, et al. Estuarine Ecology. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Kiviat, E. 1991. Wetland human ecology. Ph.D. thesis, Union Institute, Cincinnati, OH. 180 p.

Kiviat, E. 1996. American goldfinch nests in purple loosestrife. Wilson Bulletin 108(1):182-186.

Kiviat, E. 1997. Blanding’s turtle habitat requirements and implications for conservation in Dutchess County, New York. P. 377-382 in J. Van Abbema, ed. Proceedings: Conservation, Restoration, and Management of Tortoises and Turtles, an International Conference. New York Turtle and Tortoise Society.

Kiviat, E. & J.G. Barbour. 1996. Wood turtles in fresh-tidal habitats of the Hudson River. Canadian Field-Naturalist 110(2):341-343.

Kiviat, E. & E. Hamilton. 2001. Phragmites use by Native North Americans. Aquatic Botany 69(2-4):341-357.

Kiviat, E., R.E. Schmidt & N. Zeising. 1985. Bank swallow and belted kingfisher nest in dredge spoil on the tidal Hudson River. Kingbird 35(1):3-6.

Kiviat, E. & J. Stapleton. 1983. Bufo americanus (American Toad): Estuarine habitat. Herpetological Review 14(2):46.

Kiviat, E., G. Stevens, R. Brauman, S. Hoeger, P.J. Petokas & G.G. Hollands. 2000. Restoration of wetland and upland habitat for Blanding’s turtle. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 3(4):650-657.

Klemens, M.W., E. Kiviat & R.E. Schmidt. 1987. Distribution of the northern leopard frog, Rana pipiens, in the lower Hudson and Housatonic river valleys. Northeastern Environmental Science 6(2):99-101.

Leonardi, L. 1991. Bryophytes of two New York State freshwater tidal swamps. Evansia 8(1):22-25.

Limburg, K.E. & R.E. Schmidt. 1990. Patterns of fish spawning in Hudson River tributaries: Response to an urban gradient? Ecology 71(4):1238-1245.

Lindner, C.R. 1992. Grouse Bluff: An archaeological introduction. Hudson Valley Regional Review 9(1):25-46.

Lindner, C. 1995. Land use history, flood geomorphism, and archaeological testing. Bard Forum (6):3-16.

Lindner, C. & L. Folb. 1996. Chert microdrills from eastern New York: Use-wear on Bushkill tools that might have made Middlesex beads. P. 141-154 in C. Lindner & E.V. Curtin. A Golden Chronograph for Robert E. Funk. Occasional Publications in Northeastern Anthropology 15.

Meyerson, L.A., K. Saltonstall, L. Windham, E. Kiviat & S.E.G. Findlay. 2000. A comparison of Phragmites australis in freshwater and brackish marsh environments in North America. Wetlands Ecology and Management 8(2-3):89-103.

Schmidt, R.E. 1985. New distribution records and complementary description of Haemomaster venezuelae (Siluriformes: Trichomycteridae), a rare and poorly known fish from northern South America. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment 20(2):93-96.

Schmidt, R.E. 1987. Redescription of Vandellia beccarii (Siluriformes: Trichomycteridae) from Guyana. Copeia 1987(1):234-237.

Schmidt, R.E. 1993. Relationships and notes on the biology of Paracanthopoma parva (Pisces: Trichomycteridae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 4(2):185-191.

Schmidt, R.E., A.B. Anderson & K. Limburg. 1992. Dynamics of larval fish populations in the Hudson River tidal marsh. P. 458-475 in C.L. Smith, ed. Estuarine Research in the 1980s. State University of New York Press.

Schmidt, R.E & C.J. Ferraris, Jr. 1985. A new species of Parotocinclus (Pisces:Loricariidae) from Guyana. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 98(2):341-346.

Sharma, V. 1993. Habitats of the monkeyflowers Mimulus alatus and Mimulus ringens on the Hudson River. M.S. thesis, Bard College. 93 p.

Stapleton, J. & E. Kiviat. 1979. Rights of birds and rights of way; vegetation management on a railroad causeway and its effect on breeding birds. American Birds 33(1):7-10.

Stone, W.B., E. Kiviat & S.A. Butkas. 1980. Toxicants in snapping turtles. New York Fish and Game Journal 27(1):39-50.

van Hoewyk, D., P.M. Groffman, E. Kiviat, G. Mihocko and G. Stevens. 2000. Soil nitrogen dynamics in organic and mineral soil calcareous wetlands in eastern New York. Soil Science Society of America Journal 64(6):2168-2173.

Waterman, B. 1991. Evaluation of Tivoli Bays archaeology and assessment of its potential to provide paleoenvironmental information. M.S. thesis, Bard College. 55 p.

Waterman, B. 1992. Searching for clues to prehistoric human interaction with the environment at Tivoli Bays. Hudson Valley Regional Review 9(1):77-92.

Hudsonia Reports (an incomplete list)

Anderson, A.B. & R.E. Schmidt. 1989. Survey of larval and juvenile fish populations in water-chestnut (Trapa natans) beds in Tivoli South Bay, a Hudson River tidal marsh. P. VI-1 to VI-34 in E.A. Blair and J.R. Waldman, eds. Polgar Fellowship Reports of the Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve Program, 1988. Hudson River Foundation, New York, NY.

Barbour, S. [J.G.] & E. Kiviat. 1986. A survey of Lepidoptera in Tivoli North Bay (Hudson River Estuary). P. IV-1 to IV-26 in J.C. Cooper, ed. Polgar Fellowship Reports of the Hudson River National Estuarine Sanctuary Program, 1985. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Hudson River Foundation, and U.S. Department of Commerce.

Bohne, C. & R.E. Schmidt. 1989. Larval fish flux between a freshwater tidal marsh and the Hudson River estuary. P. VII-1 to VII-22 in E.A. Blair and J.R. Waldman, eds. Polgar Fellowship Reports of the Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve Program, 1988. Hudson River Foundation, New York, NY.

Drill, S. & R.E. Schmidt. 1988. The composition of the summer zooplankton community in Tivoli Bays, Hudson River, New York. P. II-1 to II-24 in J.R. Waldman and E.A. Blair, eds. Polgar Fellowship Reports of the Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve Program, 1987. Hudson River Foundation, New York, NY.

Duryea, M. & R.E. Schmidt. 1987. Feeding biology of the tessellated darter (Etheostoma olmstedi atromaculatum) at Tivoli North Bay, Hudson River NY. P. III-1 to III-19 in E.A. Blair and J.C. Cooper, eds. Polgar Fellowship Reports of the Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve Program, 1986. Hudson River Foundation, New York, NY.

Hankin, N. & R.E. Schmidt. 1992. Standing crop of fishes in water-celery beds in the tidal Hudson. P. VIII-1 to VIII-23 in J.R. Waldman & E.A. Blair, eds. Polgar Fellowship Reports of the Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve Program, 1991.

Kiviat, E., P.M. Groffman, G. Stevens, S. Nyman & G.C. Hanson. 1994. Reference wetlands in eastern New York. Hudsonia Ltd., Annandale, NY. 94 p.

Kiviat, E., et al. 1982. Final Environmental Impact Statement. Hudson River Estuarine Sanctuary. U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, DC. 343 p.

Krause, L.H., C. Rietsma & E. Kiviat. 1997. Terrestrial insects associated with Phragmites australis, Typha angustifolia, and Lythrum salicaria in a Hudson River tidal marsh. P. V-1 to V-35 in W.C. Nieder & J.R. Waldman, eds. Final Reports of the Tibor T. Polgar Fellowship Program 1996. Hudson River Foundation and New York State Department of Environmental Conservation – Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve.

Leonardi, L. & E. Kiviat. 1990. Bryophytes of the Tivoli Bays tidal swamps. P. III-1 to III-23 in J.R. Waldman & E.A. Blair, eds. Final Reports of the Tibor T. Polgar Fellowship Program 1989. Hudson River Foundation and New York State Department of Environmental Conservation – Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve.

Pelczarski, K. & R.E. Schmidt. 1991. Evaluation of a pop net for sampling fishes from water-chestnut beds in the tidal Hudson River. P. V-1 to V-33 in E.A. Blair and J.R. Waldman, eds. Final Reports of the Tibor T. Polgar Fellowship Program 1990. Hudson River Foundation, New York, NY.

Richard, E. & R.E. Schmidt, 1987. Feeding ecology of the banded killifish (Fundulus diaphanus) at Tivoli North Bay, Hudson River New York. P. II-1 to II-20 in E.A. Blair and J.C. Cooper, eds. Polgar Fellowship Reports of the Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve Program, 1986. Hudson River Foundation, New York, NY.

Rozycki, C. & E. Kiviat. 1996. A low density, tidal marsh, painted turtle population. P. V-1 to V-35 in E.A. Blair & J.R. Waldman, eds. Final Reports of the Tibor T. Polgar Fellowship Program 1995. Hudson River Foundation and New York State Department of Environmental Conservation – Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve.

Schmidt, K.A. 1986. The life history of the chrysomelid beetle Pyrrhalta nymphaeae (Galerucinae) on water chestnut, Trapa natans (Hydrocaryaceae), in Tivoli South Bay, Hudson River, NY. P. V-1 to V-38 in J.C. Cooper, ed. Fellowship Reports of the Hudson River National Estuarine Sanctuary Program, 1985. Hudson River Foundation, New York, NY.

Sharma, V. & E. Kiviat. 1994. Habitats of the monkeyflowers Mimulus alatus and Mimulus ringens on the Hudson River. P. V-1 to V-36 in Final Reports of the Tibor T. Polgar Fellowship Program 1992. Hudson River Foundation and New York State Department of Environmental Conservation – Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve.

Sidari, M. & R.E. Schmidt. 1990. Larval fish foods in water-chestnut beds. P. VI-1 to VI-23 in Final Reports of the Tibor T. Polgar Fellowship Program 1989. Hudson River Foundation and New York State Department of Environmental Conservation – Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve.

Smith, S. & R.E. Schmidt. 1988. Trophic status of the spottail shiner (Notropis hudsonius) in Tivoli North Bay, a Hudson River freshwater tidal marsh. P. VI-1 to VI-25 in J.R. Waldman and E.A. Blair, eds. Polgar Fellowship Reports of the Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve Program, 1987. Hudson River Foundation, New York, NY.

Stevens, G., R.E. Schmidt, D.R. Roeder, J.S. Tashiro & E. Kiviat. 1994. Baseline assessment of tributaries to the Hudson (BATH): water quality, fishes, macroinvertebrates, and diatoms in Fishkill Creek, Quassaic Creek, and Moodna Creek. Hudsonia Ltd., Annandale, NY. 2 vols.

Wallhausser, I. & J.S. Tashiro. 1989. Studies of the life history and trophic connections of a population of Palaemonetes pugio in the Croton River. P. V-1 to V-40 in E.A. Blair and J.R. Waldman, eds. Polgar Fellowship Reports of the Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve Program, 1988. Hudson River Foundation, New York, NY.

Waterman, B. & C. Lindner. 1991. Evaluation of Tivoli Bays archaeology and assessment of its potential to provide paleoenvironmental information. P. VIII-1 to VIII-62 in E.A. Blair and J.R. Waldman, eds. Final Reports of the Tibor T. Polgar Fellowship Program 1990. Hudson River Foundation, New York, NY.

Westad, K.E. & E. Kiviat. 1986. Flora of freshwater tidal swamps at Tivoli Bays Hudson River National Estuarine Sanctuary. P. III-1 to III-20 in J.C. Cooper, ed. Polgar Fellowship Reports of the Hudson River National Estuarine Sanctuary Program, 1985. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Hudson River Foundation, and U.S. Department of Commerce.

Winogrond, H.G. & E. Kiviat. 1997. Invasion of Phragmites australis in the tidal marshes of the Hudson River. P. VI-1 to VI-29 n W.C. Nieder & J.R. Waldman, eds. Final Reports of the Tibor T. Polgar Fellowship Program 1996. Hudson River Foundation and New York State Department of Environmental Conservation – Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve.

News from Hudsonia

News from Hudsonia covers the interface of environmental issues and natural history in a forthright, informative, attractive, and well-documented manner. The newsletter is unusual in simultaneously addressing lay and professional audiences. Recent articles have covered lichens, biological diversity under power lines, ecological restoration, freshwater tidal ecosystems, stream management, muskrat ecology, mosquito management, conservation of endangered freshwater turtles, estuarine reptiles and amphibians, biodiversity at landfill sites, and invasive aquatic plants. Hudsonia has published News from Hudsonia for 15 years. Currently, the newsletter is published twice per year with a free distribution of 6,000.

Index of Past Issues:

Date/issue # Article titles
1985
  • A Checklist for Summer Sleuthing in the Hudson Valley
Winter 1985
  • Winter Solstice
April 1986
  • Spring Sleuthing
  • A Vision of Community Values: Profile of Jim Stapleton
November 1986
  • The Pond
April 1987
  • Life on a Limestone Ledge
November 1987
  • The Millbrook Marsh Watershed
March 1988
  • Epibenthic Life in the Hudson River
Summer 1988
  • Time and the Blanding’s Turtle
Winter 1988-89
  • Seven Years
Spring 1989
  • Tributaries
Fall 1989
  • Purple Loosestrife’s Tangled Locks
April 1990
  • Reflections on Hudson River Shorefront Development
October 1990
  • Golden Opportunity: Biological Diversity in the Hudson
March 1991
  • The Shawangunk Kill, Hudson Valley Natural Area
July 1991
  • How Biologists Assess Special Resources: All About Eve’s Point
November 1991
  • Regulation and Loss of Hudson Valley Wetlands
March 1992
  • Ecological Impacts of Mining
1993, 9(1)
  • Under the Spreading Water-Chestnut
June 1993, 9(2)
  • Blossoms and Clay: Landfill Siting, Wetlands, and Biodiversity
October 1993, 9(3)
  • Tale of Two Turtles: Conservation of the Blanding’s Turtle and Bog Turtle
February 1994, 10(1)
  • Mosquito Ecology, and Management of Mosquitoes and People
June 1994, 10(2)
  • Marine Mammals in the Hudson River Estuary
October 1994, 10(3)
  • Muskrat: Manager of the Marsh
  • Reed, Sometimes a weed
February 1995, 11(1)
  • Consciousness of Streams
  • Hudsonia Technical Assistance Program
1995, 11(2)
  • Nearshore Environments of the Hudson
Fall 1995, 11(3)
  • Ecological Restoration
  • 1995- A Look Back
Spring 1996, 12(1)
  • Migratory Fishes and Hudson River Tributaries
  • “There were plants and birds and rocks and things…” Why the Environmental Review Process Doesn’t Always Work
Winter 1997, 12(2,3)
  • Where are the Reptiles and Amphibians of the Hudson River? Part 1
  • Carbon Cycling in the Hudson River
Fall 1997, 13(1)
  • Untapped Power: Rare Species in Utility Corridors
Spring 1998, 13(2)
  • The Fascinating World of Lichens
Fall 1998, 13(3)
  • Where are the Reptiles and Amphibians of the Hudson River? Part 2
Spring 1999, 14(1)
  • Ravens Rebound
  • Conservation Advisory Councils
Summer 1999, 14(2)
  • Loosestrife: Purple Peril or Purple Prose?
  • Hudsonia Research Highlights, 1998-1999
Fall 1999, 14(3)
  • Mountain Lions and Humans: Sharing a Fragmented Landscape“Smart Growth”: The View from the Science Department Part 1
  • “Smart Growth”: The View from the Science Department Part 1
Spring 2000, 15(1)
  • Grass Carp and Aquatic Weeds: Treating the Symptom Instead of the Cause
  • “Smart Growth”: The View from the Science Department Part 2
Year End 2000, 15(2,3)
  • Why Natural History is Serious Science
  • A Night Out with the Field Team
Spring 2001, 16(1)
  • Hudson Valley Prehistory: Artifacts and Ecofacts
  • Estuarine Reptiles and Amphibians, Revisited
Summer 2001, 16(2)
  • Disease, Death, and Decay”
  • “Far from the madding crowd’s ignoble strife”
Winter 2002, 17(1)
  • Community-Based Biodiversity Education Comes to the Hudson ValleyV
  • Volunteers on a Different Kind of Invasive Plant Project
Fall 2002, 17(2)
  • Habitat Mapping in East Fishkill
  • Some Unfinished Environmental Business in the Hudson Valley
  • A Biodiversity Anecdote
Spring 2003, 18(1)
  • Environmental Deterioration of the Outwash Plains: Necropsy of a Landscape
  • Grasslands and Biodiversity
Summer/Fall 2003, 18(2)
  • Spring Salamanders and Stream Conservation
  • Have you Hugged a Taxonomist Today?
  • Kathleen A Schmidt, Biologist and Illustrator
Spring 2004, 19(1)
  • Ephemerals in Peril: The American Eel and the Hudson River
  • Hudsonia’s Biodiveristy Education Program
Fall 2004, 19(2)
  • The Snaggletooth and the Slug: Hidden Lives in the Hudson Valley
  • Conserving Biodiversity in Fragmented Landscapes
  • An Ambystoma’s Autumn Arrival
Spring 2005, 20(1)
  • What Reed (Phragmites) Ecology Tells us about Reed Management: Part 1
  • Spring Return of the Timberdoodle
Spring 2001, 21(1)
  • What Reed (Phragmites) Ecology Tells Us about Reed Management: Part 2.
  • Strangely Familiar: The Ecological Homogenization of American Landscapes
Fall 2007, 21(2)
  • Conservation Ecology is about Human Footprints
  • Bogs, Bluffs, Barrens: Habitat Mapping in the Hudson Valley

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Hudsonia, a tax-exempt not-for-profit corporation of the State of New York, classified 501(c)(3) by the Internal Revenue Service, relies on the generous, tax-deductible contributions from members of our community to sustain our research and education. We appreciate your support of our work.